Bharatiya Janata Party – BJP – Economic Policy and Election Manifesto
BJP Manifesto : Lok Sabha Elections 2009
TO BUILD A PROSPEROUS,
The civilisational consciousness of India has been well defined by the sages and philosophers and has its roots in Bharatiya or Hindu world view. This world view is holistic and spiritual. It accepts that diversity is inherent in the scheme of creation; it is the manifestation of the same cosmic entity in different forms. Hence it not only accepts diversity but respects it and even more celebrates it. Hindu or Bharatiya view of life seeks unity in diversity. It is an inclusive approach and one can say that Hinduism is the most ennobling experience in spiritual co-existence. The Bharatiya mind has contemplated beyond national boundaries and the Vedic Rishi declared in the hoary past ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbukam’ – that the world is a family. The horizons of India’s worldview are known to have extended from Bamiyan / Kandahar to Borobudur / Indonesia on the one hand, and Sri Lanka to Japan on the other. Imprints of Indian culture are found in some other parts of the world as well. In ancient times India was isolated in geography but not in cultural relationship, trade
The BJP, immediately upon coming to power, will address the key issues of security and economy.
The BJP is contesting the 2009 15th Lok Sabha election on a Manifesto that commits the party to an agenda for change guided by three goals: GOOD GOVERNANCE, DEVELOPMENT and SECURITY.
The BJP will initiate the following measures within 100 days of coming to power:
Revive the anti-terror mechanism that has been dismantled by the Congress; improve upon POTA to ensure it is more
effective as an instrument of deterrence and a tool to prosecute offenders without innocent people being harassed; and,
strengthen the operational role of the National Investigating Agency.
Give assent to laws drafted by State Governments for dealing with organised crime and terrorism; encourage other State
Governments to adopt similar laws.
Launch a massive programme to detect, detain and deport illegal immigrants.
Completely revamp the internal and external intelligence agencies and review the existing system of coordination,
convergence and dissemination of intelligence inputs. A massive exercise will be undertaken to modernise intelligence
agencies so that they are better equipped to use technology and cope with the rapidly changing trends and patterns of
terrorism at home and abroad. The National Security Council will be made the hub of all sector-related assessments. It
will be accountable for real-time intelligence dissemination; intelligence agencies will be held responsible for lapses.
Appointments to intelligence agencies will be on merit and not because of political patronage as has been the system
during the Congress years.
A Digital Security Agency will be set up to deal with cyber warfare, cyber counter-terrorism, and cyber security of
national digital assets.
State Governments will be provided with all assistance to modernise their respective police forces and equip them with the latest weaponry and communications technology. This will be done on a mission mode approach. The police are the first responders to any crisis situation. Drawing lessons from experience, police forces will be trained and fully equipped to
deal with situations similar to that of Mumbai and in meeting the challenge posed by Maoists and insurgents.
Border management will be reviewed and improved. Punitive measures will be introduced to block illegal immigration.
India’s vast coastline is virtually unprotected. Coastal security will be strengthened for better patrolling of Indian waters
and preventing terrorists from taking the sea route to enter India. A National Maritime Authority will be set up to coordinate coastal security.
Special courts will be set up for speedy prosecution of those involved with acts of terrorism. Their trial shall be fair and
justice will be done to the victims swiftly.
Coercive measures, including diplomacy, will be used to deal with countries which promote cross-border terrorism. India
will engage with the world in the global war on terror while not compromising on its domestic interests, primarily protecting citizens from the ravages of terrorism.
The Centre will facilitate better inter-State coordination and real-time intelligence-sharing, apart from helping States to raise anti-insurgency forces, to face the threat posed by Maoists. The ‘Chhattisgarh Model’ will be used for counter-Maoist operations. At the same time, every effort will be made to address the social and economic issues that make the ground fertile for Left-wing extremism.
Any talks with insurgent groups will be conditional and within the framework of the Constitution.
The BJP will send out a simple message, loud and clear, to terrorists and their sponsors: They will have to pay a heavy price for each innocent life lost. Retribution will be swift and exemplary. The authority of the state, which has been
diminished by the Congress in pursuit of vote-bank politics, shall be restored.
National Identity Cards for All
WE WILL MAKE INDIA HUNGER-FREE
The BJP views food security as integral to national security. The spectre of a looming food crisis haunts the developing world as never before. With the agriculture sector suffering on account of the Congress’ gross negligence, India faces a real threat of food scarcity.
With India becoming a net importer of food under Congress rule, there is genuine concern about food security. Three factors have contributed to increasing food scarcity and the resultant sense of growing insecurity among the masses.
First, the real income of workers and farmers has not kept pace with the rising cost of food, thus reducing their
purchasing power. Second, the public distribution system has been severely crippled by the Congress-led Government
which has been more interested in importing food grains and selling them at a high price than in securing the needs of the
people. Third, with an additional 55 million people pushed below the poverty line over the last five years, there is
widespread malnourishment. The economic recession has only worsened the situation and made it grimmer, especially for
workers in the unorganised sector.
The BJP believes people have the right to food. To ensure food security for all and eliminate hunger, we will:
1. Provide 35 kg of rice or wheat every month to BPL families at Rs 2 per kg under an improved and expanded Antyodaya
Anna Yojana. This will be available against ‘Food Coupons’ redeemable at both PDS and private outlets.
2. Allocate more funds for expanding, universalising and improving the functioning of the Public Distribution System.
3. Preventing families from slipping below the poverty line.
4. Setting up community kitchens in extremely impoverished areas with the help of NGOs through shared funding.
5. Aggressively addressing the problem of widespread malnutrition, especially by expanding the scope of the existing
mid-day meal scheme.
6. Encouraging the production of cereals and discouraging the conversion of fertile farm land for dubious industrial
7. Ensuring a sufficient level of food stocks are maintained to meet any exigencies due to possible global food crisis which
could be severely debilitating and make imports prohibitively expensive, if not impossible.
The BJP proposes to invest heavily in developing non-fossil fuel-based clean energy sources, especially for electricity
production. Our goal will be to add at least 120,000 MW of power over the next five years, with 20 per cent of it coming
from renewable sources. Similar emphasis will be placed on developing alternatives to petrol and diesel to lessen the
burden of imported oil and gas as well as meet the challenges of climate change.
BJP will take the following measures:
1. Put in place a low tax, low interest regime so that people have more money and their purchasing power increases, which in turn will serve as an impetus for the economy.
2. Exempt income up to Rs 3 lakh from Income Tax. Women and senior citizens will receive an additional exemption benefit of Rs 50,000.
3. Income of all senior citizens by way of pension will be exempt from Income Tax.
4. To incentivise savings, all interest earned on bank deposits other than by corporates and those who have business income shall be exempt from tax.
5. Dispense with clubbing of agricultural income with other sources of income for determining tax liability on other
6. CST will be abolished and GST will be rationalised between 12 and 14 per; FBT will go. ESOPS and MAT tax regime will be rationalised and made equitable.
7. Firm action will be initiated to minimise the presence of black money in the national economy. We will take determined steps to bring back the money (estimated at Rs 25,00,000 crore and Rs 75,00,000 crore) illegally stashed in Swiss bank
accounts and tax havens, and use it for infrastructure development, housing, health and social welfare schemes.
8. Arrest the loss of jobs and reverse the trend of joblessness which is far worse than unemployment by making massive
public sector investments in job-generating infrastructure programmes, especially building of roads and highways, and
linking of rivers.
9. Hindustan Diamond Corporation will be provided full support to help the diamond industry tide over the crisis caused
by the global economic slump. It will provide raw diamonds to the cutting and polishing units and bank them for future
10. Highways construction, which got a boost during the NDA years, will once again feature high on Government’s
agenda. We will build between 15 and 20 km of highways every day.
11. The Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, the largest rural connectivity programme initiated by the NDA
Government, will be fully implemented in the first three years.
12. Bring down interest rates for housing loans so that housing becomes affordable, accessible and revives the stalled real
estate sector which has witnessed huge job losses.
13. Enhance the capabilities of the manufacturing sector by easing credit availability.
14. Promote SMEs and the retail sector which can generate a large number of jobs and make a meaningful contribution
to the national economy. The criteria for classifying SMEs will be reviewed.
15. Introduce reforms to improve productivity and greater capital formation.
16. Give a boost to tourism by selecting 50 tourist destinations and investing heavily in their infrastructure and
communications. Tourist arrivals will be doubled.
17. Impose countervailing restrictions on foreign companies operating in India, especially in the services sector, which, on
account of domestic laws of their respective countries, have introduced restrictions on hiring Indian employees with valid work visas.
18. Regulatory bodies which are supposed to monitor the performance and balance sheets of companies will be strengthened to prevent corporate fraud that dents India’s image as well as has a direct impact on the market and investors.
19. Make India proud of Indian products, and make Indian brands globally competitive.
20. Ensure a decent level of consumption for all without encouraging consumerism.
The BJP understands the critical importance of retail trade in the context of employment and services provided by them, and thus favours a dominant role for the unincorporated sector in retail trade. Towards this end, it will not allow foreign investment in the retail sector. After agriculture, the retail sector is the largest employer of nearly four crore people.
1. Adopt all necessary measures to safeguard the interests of small and tiny retail vendors.
2. Ensure availability of working capital needs for such vendors through credit at not more than four per cent interest.
3.Study the feasibility of a slab-based ‘Compound Tax’ for traders to free them from needless harassment and end corruption.
4.Set up an empowered committee to recommend welfare measures, including a pension scheme, for small traders.
The BJP will holistically address the long-pending issue of labour reforms, bearing in mind the long-term interests of the
working class. It will do so through close consultation with representative bodies of labour and employers. We are
committed to ensure the following:
1. Making secret ballot compulsory for trade union elections, by suitably amending the Industrial Disputes Act.
2. Launching a training programme for trade unions to play an effective and positive role.
3. Setting up a ‘Workers Bank’ to deal with the banking requirements of labour in the organised and unorganised sectors.
4. Ensuring adequate compensation for any labour that may be retrenched, with the first option being redeployment.
5. Setting up a National Child Labour Commission.
6. For labour in the unorganised sector, revise minimum wages; expand safety net.
Every effort will be made to encourage the cooperative sector. Towards this end, the BJP will do the following:
1. Exempt cooperative banks from paying income tax.
2. Frame a model law for cooperative societies for nationwide implementation.
3. Amend the Multi-State Cooperative Act to remove current lacunae and anomalies.
4. Set up a Central regulatory authority for cooperative bodies.
MINORITY COMMUNITIE – HEALTHY DIET OF DEVELOPMENT
The BJP repudiates the division of Indian society along communal lines which has been fostered by the Congress and the Left in pursuit of their vote-bank politics. Categorisation of communities as ‘minorities’ perpetuates notions of imagined discrimination and victimhood; it reinforces the perception of the ‘minority’ identity as separate from the national identity.
The BJP remains committed to a common Indian identity that transcends community, caste and gender, with every Indian an equal participant in the building of a prosperous nation and an equal beneficiary of that prosperity. Pluralism is a sine qua non for any democracy and the BJP cherishes the diversity that is also the strength of Indian society and lends vibrancy to our national fabric. But pluralism should strengthen, not weaken our national resolve.
It is an unfortunate fact that Muslims form a substantial part of the underprivileged. The principal reason for this is the fact that the Congress, a dominant presence in power for six decades, has secured minority support through the politics of fear rather than a healthy diet of development.
The BJP will implement a set of policies committed to a massive expansion of modern education among Muslims, particularly for the girl child, through a new nationwide network of schools, in a public-private partnership programme.
This will include, but not be limited to:
1. Capital assistance in new educational projects, both for basic and technical education, in low-income minority areas.
Each project will be vetted for viability by a team of professionals within a maximum of six months.
2. Cash incentives for the education of the girl child, based on attendance and performance. Incentives will rise for those girls who get admission into recognised colleges for higher education.
3. Computer centres will be set up in low income urban areas and the most backward districts of the country.
4. The Ministry of Minority Affairs, today a stagnant source of toxic politics, will be revitalised into a hub for economic projects specifically targeted towards employment creation. There will be special emphasis on crafts and small-scale industries that have been traditional employers of minorities. The neglect of the Congress-led UPA Government was evident in the fact that even monies allotted for minority welfare programmes in States like Maharashtra were largely, if not wholly, unspent.
5. Youth are the owners of the future, and it is our duty to make them a dynamic social and economic engine for upliftment. The young do not live only in cities. In districts like Murshidabad in Bengal, young girls are being forced by poverty into making bidis on pathetic wages. Dynamic intervention is needed to improve income levels where such jobs exist and to create fresh avenues of employment where they do not. The unfortunate phase of confused loyalties in some minority sections is over. Generations have been born in free India who are as committed to the nation as the nation is committed to them. The success stories of Muslims in sports, cinema, industry and a host of other fields, as individuals and team players, makes every Indian proud.
6. Terrorism does not have a religion. Those who espouse terrorism have stepped outside the moral code of their religion into barbarism. We must lift community-relations from the morass of misunderstanding.
A vibrant, modern India can have no place for either the perpetrators or the exploiters of fear.
Manifesto of Gujarat State Elections 2012
BJP 2004 Manifesto
Ram Mandir in Ayodhya:
The BJP reaffirms its commitment to the construction of a Ram temple in Ayodhya. As Maryada Purushottam, Ram is an inspiring cultural symbol of India. His birthplace in Ayodhya is also associated with the religious sentiments of crores of Hindus. The BJP remains committed to its stand that the judiciary’s verdict in this matter should be accepted by all. However, we believe that dialogue, and a negotiated settlement in an atmosphere of mutual trust and goodwill, are the best way of achieving this goal. The BJP appeals to the religious and social leaders of the Hindu and Muslim communities to speed up the process of dialogue and bring it to an amicable and early fruition. We hope that these efforts will succeed in heralding a new chapter of amity in Hindu-Muslim relations and fortify national integration.
1999 NDA Manifesto
1998 BJP Manifesto